A recent visit to a farm, (that rears dairy calves) in South Gippsland has prompted me to talk about dock. E: iwscotland@sltd.co.uk. Broad-leaved dock can be successfully treated with herbicide, applications are most effective whilst the plant is actively growing (April – October). We operate nationwide with a Rapid Response Team on standby 7 days a week, to deal with the most urgent client enquiries. Alternatively, we can carry out a full site survey to confirm the extent of the infestation. This perennial weed, very similar to Curly Dock, will have a yellow to orange colored taproot, for a large basal rosette, and produce a single upright stem … It prefers partial to moist, shady, disturbed sites and makes its home in fields, waste areas, and gardens. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. Latin names: Rumex obtusifolius L. Weed Type: Perennial Broad-leaved Weeds. Invasive Weed Solutions Limited is a company registered in England & Wales with a Company Number 5289420. Basic information: Scientific name: Rumex obtusifolius: Click to magnify. If you have concerns over Broad-leaved dock on your land, if you are unsure of your legal responsibilities, or, if you would like a quotation for control, please contact one of our specialist surveyors. Broad-leaved dock is an injurious weed species and is listed under the Weeds Act 1959. Weeds and Their Control: Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius) by Karen. Dock, Curly Rumex crispus Herbicidal Control Options Preemergence: Isoxaben Post Emergence: 2,4-D, Asulam, Atrazine, Chlorsulfuron, Clopyralid, Dicamba, Fluroxypyr, MCPA, Mecoprop-p, Sulfentrazone, Triclopyr Please note: one or more of these active ingredients may exist in combination-type brand name products. Leaves Lower leaves are petioled, may be reddish-veined, flat with a heart-shaped base and very broad, up to 6 inches wide and 12 inches long. It does not have creeping roots or rhizomes (Figure 1). By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, National Gardening Association: Curly Dock, North Dakota State University Extension; Weeds; Richard Zollinger, Ohio State University Extension: Broadleaf Weed Control for Home Lawns, City of Lincoln: Clopyralid-Containing Herbicides. Preemergence: Selective control option not available; Post Emergence: 2, 4-D; Carfentrazone, Clopyralid, Dicamba, Mecoprop-p, Triclopyr; Please note: one or more of these active ingredients may exist in combination-type brand name products. Field studies were conducted in western\ud Oregon to examine broadleaf dock control obtained at asulam rates\ud that would not reduce pasture yield and to determine the optimum\ud time of asulam application for dock control. So when people say they have problems with docks, they are usually referring to broad-leaved dock. Each plant can produce 60,000 seeds a year, which can survive for up to 50 years in the soil making complete eradication difficult. Flower: Regular (actinomorphic), approx. They are remarkably resistant to control measures, with high regenerative capacity, due to the large numbers of long-lived seed they produce and the ability to develop from small root fragments. They are common throughout the UK both as the true species and as hybrids. RCBD with 4 replicates. Broad-leaved dock can be found throughout the UK, it is a native species commonly found on waste grounds, farmland, hedgerows, road side verges, woodlands and gardens and thrives in high nitrogen environments. You should use 2,4-D containing products for control of wild garlic, dandelion, henbit, chickweed, plantain, dock species and other broadleaf weeds. Control. Judith Zwolak has worked in publishing for more than 20 years and has written for articles for construction trade associations, newspapers, and publications in aviation and higher education. Plot sized 2.4 by 9.1m. Perianth-segments in two whorls of three. Melton Street Application with CO 2-pressurized backpack sprayer equipped with a five-nozzle boom delivering 278 L ha-1 (29.7 gal ac-1) at 255 kPa (37 psi). Dock, Broadleaf, Rumex obtusifolius; Dock, Curly, Rumex crispus; Herbicidal Control Options. Dock weed, a broadleaf perennial plant, is a member of the buckwheat family and a common weed in poorly maintained turf and grassland pastures. Killing dock weed requires either manually removing each plant and much of its root, applying an herbicide or using organic weed control methods. It has been an invasive species of the Great Lakes region of North America where it was first sighted in 1840. Broad-leaved Dock Broad-leaved Dock - Rumex obtusifolius. We will provide a range of treatment options individually tailored depending on your site requirements. Thank you. Species; Additional images; Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. To determine the optimal timing of applications to control the weed in PNW blueberry and raspberry. Deep taproots enable the plant to establish and thrive in a range of environments, fragments of taproots are able to produce new plants. Life cycle. Loveland Weed and Feed and Speed Zone® contain systemic broadleaf weed herbicides that will move through the leaf tissue and into the crown and roots for a complete kill. Herbicides approved in blueberry production. Established infestations will require treatment over a number of years. Occurrence: The two main dock species are the broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) and the curled dock (R. crispus). Broadleaf dock is commonly found in fields, meadows and pasture lands. All carried out in-house by our experienced team. Several paddocks on the farm were thick with broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius), whilst out on a paddock the farmer asked "why is it growing with such vigour?" E: iwsouthern@sltd.co.uk, T: 0141 412 2231 on December 29, 2013. Biological control of invasive weeds In our earlier studies, plant antagonistic bacteria were obtained after screening a large number of rhizobacteria for production of phytotoxic substances and effects on wheat and its associated weeds … Height: 50–130 cm (20–50 in.). This study suggests the use of these plant antagonistic bacteria to biologically control infestation of broad-leaved dock in wheat under field conditions. Treatment costs start from £380.00 + VAT. Maps. Where clover is of consequence Eagle or Prospect may be applied. Dock Management Strategies in Organic Systems Why are docks a problem for farmers? Established infestations will require treatment over a number of years. of BANVEL SGF per treated acre. Pasture suppression is reduced compared to Dockstar alone or Charter 750WDG + Baton 800WSG. "The Red Dock, also known as Bloodwort, cleanseth the blood and strengthens the liver, but The Yellow Dock root is best used when either the blood or liver is affected by choler. In: Optimal forage systems for animal production and the environment. a.i.) All the docks have a cooling, drying quality, Sorrel being most cold and the Bloodworts most drying. Dig out the dock weed and its taproot. Glyphosate, known commonly by the brand name Round-Up, will also kill dock weed, Zollinger says, but requires higher rates of the chemical and several applications. The plants have deep taproots which can grow to depths of 1.5m. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. Click here to view who we help. Control Methods Chemical Control. Our experienced and professional in-house teams will carry out the treatment to the highest of standards to achieve full eradication. The root usually breaks off and plants can regenerate from the portion left in the soil. Name also: Broadleaf Dock, Broad Leaved Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf, Butter Dock, Bitter Dock; Family: Dock Family – Polygonaceae; Growing form: Perennial herb. Buds on pieces of broken taproot can create new plants spreading infestations. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org. Radcliffe Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. It favors wet or poorly drained areas of undisturbed soils such as ditches and roadsides. Dicamba is effective on curly dock but not on broadleaf dock. She is a graduate of Cornell University. E: iw@sltd.co.uk, T: 020 3012 1416 It is a perennial weed which has a large tap-root system. Broad-leaved dock can hybridise with Curled dock, another injurious weed species. Remarks Repeated treatments needed to control regrowth. Broad-leaved dock. Broadleaf dock is found throughout the eastern United States, the Midwest, and Arizona. broadleaf dock, butter dock, cushy-cows, kettle dock, smair dock . Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. Dock can be difficult to control because of it long tap roots. Find related pest control products, articles and questions on Broadleaf Dock Ask A Pro: 866-581-7378 Mon-Fri 9am-5pm ET Live Chat Contact Us Fast Free Shipping On Your Entire Order * Weed Weapon is systemic and kills weeds down to the roots within 2-4 days and is an ideal product for use around established trees and shrubs.It is inactive in the soil so planting can be safely carried out soon after treatment. Seeds have a toothed wing structure which aids dispersal. Hand weeding controls dock week in gardens and lawns. Broad-leaved dock spreads via seeds which are dispersed by wind, water, animals and machinery and has the potential to spread large distances. Other organic insecticides that kill broadleaf weeds contain clove oil (eugenol) or acetic acid and citric acid. across, bisexual. The young leaves are sometimes used in salads, bitter but pleasing as part of a mix, with a slightly laxative effect. Latin name: Rumex Obtusifolius, We have a long track record of managing some of the most complex sites in the country and have worked with the Environment Agency on several large flood alleviation projects, as well as providing advice to the majority of house builders and developers in the UK. Broad-leaved dock is well-known to most of us as the remedy for Stinging nettle irritations. The broad dock is one of our most common weeds, and can be seen in various locations, road side verges, waste ground, ditches and the perimeters of fields. Leaves are oblong to nearly lance-shaped, often 12 inches or more long, with wavy (crisped) margins (Figure 2). According to the National Gardening Association, soap-based herbicides dehydrate plant leaves and will kill young plants that have yet to establish an extensive root system. A comprehensive year-round weed control program provided by a licensed lawn care service is often needed to control bad outbreaks. Medium to tall erect plant to 1 metre. The plant's two main species are curly dock (Rumex crispus) and broad-leaved dock (R. obtusifolius), both of which form a deep branched taproot that is difficult to remove entirely without disrupting the surrounding grass. Broad-leaved dock can be successfully treated with herbicide, applications are most effective whilst the plant is actively growing (April – October). NON-CHEMICAL CONTROL . For a quick ID, you can send us some photos. Often considered a 'weed', it can be found next to water or on disturbed ground almost anywhere. Scientific name. Leaves become more reddish-purple with age. F: 0161 723 2001 Cutting them off at least 2 A detailed breakdown of costs for each phase of treatment will be provided, including on-going monitoring programmes with insurance backed guarantees. herbicides to control established broadleaf dock. by Kirilov A, Todorov N, Katerov I]. Broadleaf dock is now found worldwide but originated in Europe, favoring damp and wet areas. Dock seeds are commonly imported via manure however composted manure, municipal compost and other soil improvers should be free of dock seeds. Broad-leaved dock is a tall perennial species which typically grows to 1m in height. Richard Zollinger, North Dakota State University Extension's weed specialist, recommends any herbicide containing clopyralid. In nurseries, broadleaf dock can often persists near permanent set irrigation lines that leak and around facilities, including the perimeter of greenhouses and buildings. and "How can I get it under control without relying on herbicide?" The flowers in spreading branches, leafy below. Apply" quarts (2Ibs. The species is slightly poisonous and can cause sickness in livestock, the milky sap can also cause mild dermatitis. There are a number of different dock species that grow within New Zealand, but broad-leaved dock would be the most common of these. Failure to comply with enforcements can result in penalties and convictions. 5 mm (0.2 in.) Invasive Weed Solutions Limited … Mid-September to Mid-November is an excellent time to control broadleaf weeds like dandelions, plantain, curled dock, and thistle. Broad-leaved dock can quickly spread creating dense stands which outcompete other species. [ed. Picloram is effective on both species and is registered for use on grazing and non-cropland. Non-weedkiller control. Itadori House 0161 723 2000 Richard Zollinger, North Dakota State University Extension's weed specialist, recommends any herbicide containing clopyralid. We are working until 5 pm, Common Name: Broad-leaved dock Glyphosate, known commonly by the brand name Round-Up, will also kill dock weed, Zollinger says, but requires higher rates of the chemical and several applications. Broad-leaved dock is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959. Impact of control of dock (Rumex obtusifolius) on potential production from N-fertilised swards. The leaves large and oblong, the lower heart shaped at the base wavy-edged. Caution Most formulations are restricted-use herbicides. Stem leaves have an ocrea and progressively become smaller up the flowering stalk. Stem basal part almost unbranched, upper branches quite erect. It forms large oval leaves up to 25cm long. We invest heavily in the continual training of all our employees, ensuring you always have a highly qualified team working on your project with the latest industry accreditations. If you've removed at least 4 inches of the taproot, the plant has a difficult time rejuvenating from the remaining root. Flower spikes appear from June to October and have numerous clusters of reddish-brown flowers, these spikes die down once seed is produced. The Weeds Act 1959 aims to prevent the spread of listed species onto private land (Ragwort, Broad-leaved dock, Curled dock, Creeping thistle, and Spear thistle). A range of treatment solutions are available, from in-situ herbicide application to excavation and removal or burial. It is easily recognised by it's broad oval leaves which are larger than those of any other native dock. Use an organic herbicide, such as an insecticidal soap, to kill dock weed and other broadleaf weeds. In the fall, broadleaf weeds are busy collecting energy from photosynthesis and storing it in the crown and roots. I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. Application should be made when weeds are actively growing and prior to a killing frost. Farmers rate docks as one of the most troublesome of all weeds. Establishment often occurs best where there are bare patches. Erect, gener-ally unbranched stems up to 5 feet tall are produced in spring and flower in summer. Spray herbicides and herbicidal soaps on non-windy days to ensure desirable plants are not affected. Manchester M26 4BR, T: 0161 723 2000 We’re a dedicated team of professionals who share a great deal of experience. Apply a broadleaf herbicide to control large infestations of dock weed. The Act allows for powers of enforcement requiring land occupiers to take action to control infestations to prevent the spread of injurious weeds onto neighbouring land. Broadleaf Dock. Season Long Dock Control Use of herbicides based on aminopyralid, dicamba, triclopyr, fluroxypyr, etc., will give at least season long control (possibly 2-3 years significant reduction in numbers and re-growth of docks) plus a wide range of common grassland weeds. Rumex obtusifolius. Killing broadleaf … Curly Dock and Broadleaf Dock PNW 398 • Reprinted July 1999 C urly dock (Rumex crispus L.) is a perennial. Dock, Broadleaf (Bitterdock) Dock, Curly Knapweed, Black RATES AND nMINGS Knapweed, Russian Ragwort, Tansy Spurge, Leafy Thi!tle, Canada BANVEL SGF may be applied at any time following a crop harvest to stubble fallow or other cropland. Proceedings of the 12th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation, Pleven, Bulgaria, 26-28 May 2003. The seed of the Dock does stay laxes and fluxes of all sorts, and is helpful for those that spit blood. For the best results, spray weeds when the sun is shining brightly and the temperature is above 70 degrees F. Avoid applying herbicides in July and August, when hot, dry weather poses an increased risk of causing damage to lawn grass. Family. All works are carried out in accordance with the INNSA Code of Practice. Various parasites and predators of R. obtusifolius include 32 insect species and 12 fungi species. Our first step is to identify if you have an invasive plant. Tank mixing a lower rate of Dockstar (2L/ha) with Baton 800WSG (2kg/ha) will provide good control of docks and many other broadleaf weeds. Description. In flower beds and waste areas - Spot treat with Weed Weapon Extra Strength or Rapid Action. Docks are difficult for gardeners to control by cultural methods once established. Apply a broadleaf herbicide to control large infestations of dock weed. Mechanical (pulling, cutting, disking) Curly and broadleaf dock are difficult to control by hand-pulling because of their deep taproot. If the plant is growing in established turf and digging out the whole root would disturb the surrounding area, insert the pointed dandelion fork as close to the base of the plant as possible, loosening the root as you pull up on the plant. Scientific name: Rumex obtusifolius. Global; 0; broadleaf dock Rumex obtusifolius L. About This Subject; View Images Details; View Images; Selected Images. Using a sharp garden spade or a dandelion fork, which is a long handled tool especially designed to reach deep taproots, remove the leafy part of the dock weed plant and its entire root. Broadleaf dock, also called bitter dock, is a perennial native to Europe but is now found throughout the United States and southern Canada.