1 1/2 inches is much less than what is shown as acceptable in most manufacturers’ catalogs, but it is consistent with the clearance requirement for handrails and grab bars. ANSI changed the notation to 1-1/2″ minimum in 1990. ICC Digital Codes is the largest provider of model codes, custom codes and standards used worldwide to construct safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures. Attempts have been made to go back to the NFPA to request they match their minimum clearance for handrail brackets to those of the other codes and standards. (865 mm) handrail. (915 mm). NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code® is the most widely used source for strategies for occupant safety throughout the life cycle of a building. (1065 mm) high guard, as contrasted with the minimum 34 in. NFPA 101 is a performance code and uses an “equivalent protection” concept by permitting alternatives, such as credits in case of a fully sprinklered occupancy. It should be noted that some local jurisdictions have taken it upon themselves to avoid the conflict and have accepted the 1-1/2″ minimum clearance for fire stairs. We use these on all our handrail installs for our stairlifts. The 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design now requires a 1-1/2″ minimum, as does the ICC, IRC, and ANSI A117.1. Originally created as part of their building code — NFPA 5000 — but now included in NFPA 101 — Life Safety Code, the NFPA requires a 2-1/4″ clearance between the wall and the handrail. handrail or be a material integral with the upper surface of the handrail for the entire length of the handrail, including extensions. Significant changes in the 2020 Minnesota Residential Code. of the handrail. Straightforward installation and the ability to customize your look. Here’s the history on how the difference developed. Learn about Ultra-tec® cable cutting, swaging measurements and how to install cable railing. (38 mm) is an inadequate clearance for both a normal grasp and an emergency grasp of the handrail. While a larger amount of clearance may be desirable for certain door-hardware applications, it is not required by the accessibility standards. However, there was no evidence presented that this was the case. 7.2.2.4.5.3 permits the rail at the top of a 42 in. • Height: 34 to 38 inches above stair nosings and ramp surfaces. Here’s a quick review of where present codes now stand. concentrated load; Clearance: Between wall and Handrail: 1-1/2" minimum Exceptions: NFPA 101: 2-1/4" minimum Learn about Ultra-tec® cable cutting, swaging measurements and how to install cable railing. Their requirement is that there is to be a 2-1/2″ minimum clearance between … For 21 to 49 people, the minimum width shall be 36 inches (91 cm). Shop Now! 1.1.6 Areas Not Addressed. NFPA 5000 is a building code created by the NFPA to compete with the International Code Council (ICC). at or below handrail height on each side 44 in. Generally: 30 to 38 inches above the stair tread (but at least 34, if new), both sides of the stairway (unless exempt), and Handrail had to be 11/ 2", all subsequently published model codes – including the 2010 – now state this to be a ADASAD minimum requirement. The handrail should be within the required egress width of the stair and allowed by the LSC to project 4 1/2 inches into the required egress width. Wall clearance: Handrails along a wall must have at least 1.5" of clearance between the inside surface of the rail and the wall surface. Note that as of Jan. 20, 2017, OSHA also requires a 2-1/4″ minimum clearance. There is an allowance however for variations in the handrail size — for every 1/2″ of additional perimeter dimension over 4″, you may subtract 1/8″ from the clearance requirement. 7.2.2.4.1.2 In addition to the handrails required at the sides of stairs by 7.2.2.4.1.1, both of the following provisions shall apply: Since their inception in 1981, the The one on the right has a 2-1/4″ clearance between the wall and handrail and will meet IBC, IRC, ADA, ANSI A117.1, NFPA and OSHA requirements. NFPA 101 has the following requirements: For 20 people or fewer, the minimum width shall be 22 inches (56 cm). (57 mm) for new handrails in recognition of the fact that 1-1/2 in. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) however is not on the same page with their requirements. In most cases, adequate consideration is given to life safety in … ©2020 The Wagner Companies, R&B Wagner, Inc. All Rights Reserved, Installing Handrail, Railing & Misc. 7.2.2.5.5.1 Exit Stair Treads - … Substantiation: The changes proposed to NFPA 101 Chapter 20, New Ambulatory Health Care Occupancies, make the chapter a stand-alone set of requirements that do not reference the use of the provisions of Chapter 38 for new business occupancies. NFPA 101 Section 7.10.1.8 states "Every sign required in Section 7.10 shall be located and of such size, distinctive color, and design that it is readily visible and shall provide contrast with decorations, interior finish, or other signs." It is beneficial for builders, installers and contractors. Hey Tony the clearance explanation that you have given in the above post is really worth sharing. Keep in mind that the NFPA is made up of government officials (i.e. However, elements of NFPA 5000 were incorporated into NFPA 101 — The Life Safety Code and NFPA 101 is commonly applied for fire stairs across the country. It will meet International Building Code (IBC), International Residential Code (IRC), (Americans With Disabilities Act Standardards for Accessible Design) ADASAD, and American National Standards Institute (ANSI) A117.1 requirements for handrail graspability. See our complete line of in-stock inventory. OSHA has recently updated their Section 1910.29 Fall Protection Systems and Falling Object Protection — Criteria and Practices and it matches up with the NFPA 101 requirements. Always best to check with your local AHJ. This may result in a railing that will be passed by the building inspector but not accepted by the fire inspector. (36 in. • Handrail is required on stairs and ramps. As it turned out NFPA 5000 was not generally adopted. Stairs are a safety concern in both residential and commercial construction. This may result in a railing that will be passed by the building inspector but not accepted by the fire inspector. Originally created as part of their building code — NFPA 5000 — but now included in NFPA 101 — Life Safety Code, the NFPA requires a 2-1/4″ clearance between the wall and the handrail. Make decisions that impact lives with strategies for occupant safety in NFPA 101: Life Safety Code. Feature Dimensional Criteria Minimum width clear of all obstructions except projections not more than 114 mm (4½ in.) Installation & Assembly Instructions – Resources. _NFPA CODE BRACKETS_ NFPA 101 has a different clearance requirement for handrail than does the IBC, ADA and ANSI. Straightforward installation and the ability to customize your look. By definition, a handrail is in place to provide guidance on a stair and must meet certain requirements for strength and graspability. As such, it is unlikely that we will ever see a roll-back of this dimension. It is most likely to apply to handrail along a fire exit or fire stairs but is not applied in all instances (e.g. Here are two standard handrail brackets. This has resulted in conflicts where a building inspector has approved a railing for meeting the 1-1/2″ minimum clearance but it has been “red tagged” by the fire marshall for not meeting the 2-1/4″ clearance. (1) Handrails on stairs shall not be less than 34inches and not more than 38 inches above the surface of the tread measured vertically to the top of the rail from the leading edge of the tread. For example: As always, we strongly recommend that you confirm all code issues with your local officials prior to specifying. You may ask, “Why can’t they all just be the same?”. (2) Where handrails or handrail extensions bend or ... 2012 NFPA 101 Life Safety Code 7.2.2.5.5 Exit Stair Path Markings . NFPA 101 Chapter 2, Referenced Publications requires compliance with the 2013 edition of NFPA 13. Codes also generally require that there be a 1-1/2″ clearance between the underside of the handrail and any obstruction — including the horizontal bracket arm. ©2020 The Wagner Companies, R&B Wagner, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Working at your own pace, you'll learn how the 2015 edition of NFPA 101: Life Safety Code defines means of egress and about requirements for exit enclosure and protection, along with other components such as doors, stairs, handrails, and escalators. (57 mm) finger clearance. (4) New handrails shall be continuously graspable along their entire length. Be aware however that NFPA 101 notes a minimum wall clearance of 21/ 4" between the wall and Handrail. Great products. [ NFPA 101 SEC 7.2.2.4.5] New handrails on stairs shall be not less than 34 in. A.1.1.5 Life safety in buildings includes more than safety from fire. • Load Requirements: • 50 lbs/ft uniform load or • 200 lbs. Its purpose was to avoid someone from getting caught between the wall and the handrail. OSHA permits compliance with NFPA 101 for stair design Height of guard 42" above line of tread nosings to top of guard (7.2.2.4.5.2) Note: verify that strength of guard complies with building code requirements (IBC 2006:1607.7.1) the stair width against NFPA 101 requirements according to total occupant load served by the stairway. This was actually a “grab bar” dimension which was part of an old version of ANSI A117.1. Handrail is required on stairs and ramps. The code makes a distinction between a new and an existing occupancy. and not more than 38 in. (1065 mm) high guard to serve as a handrail if it meets the hand grasping criteria. However, in many cases, the falls result from failing to use the handrail. ICC Digital Codes is the largest provider of model codes, custom codes and standards used worldwide to construct safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures. – For children, the 2010 ADASAD recommends a maximum height of 28 inches with a minimum of 9 inches of clearance between the child’s rail … The ICC, ANSI A117.1, and ADA all chose to maintain their dimensions as they were — 1-1/2″ minimum clearance. The proponent of the 2-1/4″ clearance for handrail brackets felt that in that situation, an individual falling would reach out with extended fingers to grasp the handrail. The NFPA is overseen and enforced by local fire marshals – not the building inspector. Load Requirements: 50lbs/ft uniform load or; 200 lbs. Their requirement is that there is to be a 2-1/2" minimum clearance between the wall and the handrail. NFPA 101® Life Safety Code® – Technical/Substantive Changes – 2000 Edition to 2003 Edition 101Changes2003.doc / Page 5 sensor (b) Listed panic hardware or fire exit hardware that, when operated, unlocks the door 7.2.1.10.1 Revolving doors, whether used or not used in the means of egress, shall comply with the following: Height: 34 to 38 inches above stair nosings and ramp surfaces. Handrail Details. The 2-1/4″ clearance requirement grew out of a proposal that was made to all of the code bodies and standards back in 2003/2004. Why Is There No Consistency of Clearance Requirements for Handrail Brackets? Although fire safety has been the long-standing focus of NFPA 101, its widely known title, Life Safety Code, and its technical requirements respond to a wider range of concerns, including, for example, crowd safety. NFPA 101 . 2012 NFPA 101 LIFE SAFETY CODE 7.2.2.5.5 EXIT STAIR PATH MARKINGS 7.2.2.5.5 Exit Stair Path Markings ... handrail or be a material integral with the upper surface of the handrail for the entire length of the handrail, including extensions. 1003.3.2 Post-Mounted Objects You may ask, “Why can’t they all just be the same?”. The leading edge of such a barrier shall be located 27 inches (686 mm) maximum above the finished floor. This has not occurred. • Other than OSHA, all other codes and standards require that handrails be placed between 34 and 38 inches above the ramp, walking surface, or nosing. Yes - For new construction the minimum 42 in. NFPA 101 has a different clearance requirement for handrail than does the IBC, ADA and ANSI. Comment: U.S. NFPA 101 Code on handrail height, diameter, graspability (July 26, 2016) NHFireBear said: The NFPA 101 Life Safety Code requirements for handrail height, diameter and graspability are found in section 7.2.2.4. The 2020 Minnesota State Building Code is effective March 31, 2020, except for the Minnesota Mechanical Fuel Gas Code, which is effective April 6, 2020. The 1992 Americans With Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) stated that there was to be an absolute dimension of 1-1/2″ between a handrail and a wall. If the handrail is too close to the wall, their outstretched fingertips would hit the wall preventing them from closing their hand into a “power grip”. Must my sprinkler system be ... A handrail must be continuously graspable along a stair flight or ramp run as its purpose is to provide an aide for recovering from a … increases the required minimum clearance to 2-1/4 in. Unique in the field, it is the only Code that covers life safety in both new and existing structures. Shop Now! Additionally, the increased distance from the wall would add cost as the brackets would need to be stronger or placed more closely together to meet the load requirements. A barrier shall be provided where the vertical clearance above a circulation path is less than 80 inches (2032 mm) high above the finished floor. (B)* Where stairs serve occupant loads exceeding that per-mitted by 7.2.2.2.1.2(A), the minimum width clear of all obstructions, except projections not more than 41⁄ 2 in. How often do you use stairs without holding the handrail or your hands are otherwise occupied carrying groceries, or children? However, the proponent was active with the National Fire Protection Association and was able to have the 2-1/4″ minimum clearance added to NFPA 5000. Handrail Bracket Clearance: Required clearance between a handrail and other building elements continues to confound and confuse. above the surface of the tread, measured vertically to the top of the rail from the leading edge of the tread. California does not use NFPA 101). See our complete line of in-stock inventory. Read Section 28-070-001-3 - NFPA 101, Life safety Code, 2015 Edition, 28-070-001 Vt. Code R. § 3, ... -delete & replace- section 101:7.2.2.4.5.5 Handrail Clearance: New handrails shall be installed to provide a clearance of not less than 1 1/2" nor more than 2 1/4" between the handrail … The one on the left has a minimum 1-1/2″ clearance between the wall and handrail. Exhibit 7.101 depicts the required 2-1/4 in. Installing Handrail, Railing & Misc. Always confirm with your local authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) to confirm their requirements. OSHA permits compliance with NFPA 101 for stair design (OSHA 1910.35) Height of guard 42" above line of tread nosings, ramps, landings, and platforms to top of guard (7.2.2.4.5.2) IBC 1013.2 Note: verify that strength of guard complies with building code requirements (IBC 2006:1607.7.1) NFPA 101: Life Safety Code provides requirements that limit the effects of fire and related hazards. It will not meet National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) or Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requirements. 2012 Edition of NFPA 101 Code Reference Category Phase Code Section Component/Requirements ... classification as a severe hazard in accordance with NFPA 99 See 18.3.6.3.11 Paint shops (not classified as an “H” occupancy) 1-hour ... Intermediate handrails are required so that all portions of the stairway are within 30 in. Some states or local jurisdictions may require a certain color. The one on the right has a 2-1/4″ clearance between the wall and handrail and will meet IBC, IRC, ADA, ANSI A117.1, NFPA and OSHA requirements. Installation & Assembly Instructions – Resources. View the 2015 Minnesota State Building Codes. It will not meet National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) or Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requirements. fire marshalls), who had a great deal of influence in their jurisdictions. below handrail height on each side, shall be 36 in. Here’s the problem, while the original justification for the larger clearance was to allow clearance for outstretched fingers during a fall, firefighters have discovered a new benefit to the added space — room for their bulky gloves as they race up a fire stair. If you are not holding onto the handrail and find yourself falling, your instinct would be to grasp the handrail to restrict your fall.