4. POST A REPLY TRACK THIS POSTING. If you're using treated wood, make sure to use an end cut sealer on all the cuts to protect the exposed untreated wood. Balusters : Balusters are small vertical in-fill posts running between the guardrail or railing, designed to prevent people, particularly children, from falling off the deck through the space below an angled stairway railing or the horizontal guardrail. legal status and cannot be used as an official interpretation of the various bylaws, codes and regulations currently in effect. Maximum 4-1/2 inch handrail projection into stairway width, on either side. 1. The problem is that the building code porch rail height must be at least 36 to 42 inches. thank you kindly! Based on Barriers in about buildings - Code of Practice (BS6180:2011 and BS6399-1:1996). If your porch floor is over the heights stated, the code requires a balustrade – porch railing. Since the top rail you refer to is 42 inches, a separate stair rail would be required. A handrail is a rail that is designed to be grasped by the hand so as to provide stability or support. Inadequate spacing can lead to tragedy; protect your investment by knowing and complying with your local building codes. I am not sure if the 36" requirement was evaded because it might be less than 36" down to the ground where the posts are, but that is itself a ledge of perhaps a foot width, and then another 2 foot drop down to the level of the lawn. Customize your railing system with standard or wide aluminum pickets, full-width or 6-inch glass panels and more. Same question for stairway to the basement: is a handrail required on both sides? Banister & Company is a leading progressive law firm in Downtown Vancouver, specializing in civil litigation, with an emphasis on labour, employment, and personal injury law . REPLIES (3) Brett from … For instance, a railing using stainless steel wire as a balustrade will need more strands to accommodate spacing requirements than balustrades created from tube steel. REPLY TRACK. Home » Balcony Railing Code Requirements. Learn about. Do we require BOTH a stair handrail/banister/posts *and* a mounted handrail on the solid wall on the other side of the stairway? Decks 24 "to 5-10" (180 cm) need 36 "guards and anything above 5-10" requires a 42 "high railing. Updated COVID-19 GuidelinesLearn More. The banisters are posts that raise the handrail from the stair treads. Out of my kitchen, I have a patio door that leads to a non existent deck. The associated railing height code states that these rails must be placed between 34 and 38 inches above the walking surface of the stairs. Conventional or home-made stairways - defects. Another common code requirement you’ll hear about during a horizontal railing project covers load requirements, or a certain amount of pressure either applied to a specific point of a railing system or distributed throughout the system by linear foot. Building codes vary, but most require a railing on decks more than 24 inches above the ground. Other building regulations outside the BC Codes; Requirements for Building Officials who oversee and may enforce the Building Code through local bylaws One of the more popular fall protection questions we receive relates to OSHA requirements for safety railing and guardrail systems. When I filled in that section with a wall, the railing came out and went into the garage for later consideration. U.S. Building Codes for Deck Railing. Handrails are commonly used while ascending or descending stairways and escalators in order to prevent injurious falls. The minimum height of the railing varies based on the height of the deck. Defective Unsafe Folding Stairs Pull-Down. The BC Building and Plumbing Code, which set the technical requirements for building construction throughout B.C. These deck railing height diagrams are a great reference for your design and building portfolio. A deck with no or inadequate railings is an accident waiting to happen. Under these provisions, while construction work is being performed, a separate handrail must be provided if the top rail of a stairway system exceeds 37 inches. Determined inquiring minds can consult OSHA’s revised Walking Working Surfaces ruling for general industry, but this can be a laborious process. Please contact us to discuss any questions you have and how we […] Most new front porch railings or remodeling must comply with local code requirements. I had a railing from my living room along a section of wall that overlooked my front entrance way. I have a deck in a newly purchased house with about a 10 ft section where a railing is clearly required. What is the requirement for attic access and attic stairways? The handgrips must allow a minimum of 1-1/2” space between the handrail and the guardrail or wall. In Queensland, we have strict requirements when it comes to balustrades. Datum is defined as “any level surface used as a reference in measuring elevations.” It is usually the point on which one stands. The main query we receive is whether existing railing needs to be modified to meet the current building code if it was built prior to the current code and met relevant requirements in place at the time of construction. Handrails are required for stairs and must meet standards as specified by R311.5.6.3 in the IRC code. Deck rails must include a top rail with the minimum height required by this section, and lower courses or equivalent protection as required by this section. Peak RailBlazers Aluminum Railing system is designed with an emphasis on style, durability and quality. Attic pull down stair hazards, basement hazards. Guards are required when then deck is 24 "(60 cm) above grade. A 6-0 x 6-8 sliding door (even if it is an emergency escape and rescue opening required in a sleeping room) is still a door and requires a landing per Section R311.4.3. (ii) the requirements of Part 11 (Fall Protection) are followed, or (c) to a movable work platform or scaffold, as those terms are defined in section 13.1, if the movable work platform or scaffold meets the requirements set out in section 13.2(1)(a) and (b) and (2) that apply in respect of guardrails on the movable work platform or scaffold. Our railing is engineered to be safe, DIY-friendly and is surprisingly easy to install. Balustrade and Railing Height Regulations One of the most common searches on this site is in regards to the legal heights of balcony railings and balustrades. Balustrade and Railing Height Regulations One of the most common searches on this site is in regards to the legal heights of balcony railings and balustrades. Compliant or not, in practical terms it needs something. Railing posts can be attached to the outer face of the perimeter joists, or can be through posts supported by the footings. In the interest of time, here is OSHA’s official stance on guardrail for general industry applications…. Landings are required on the exterior side of a sliding glass door when served by a stair having more than two risers. 4 inch gaps or less? Rails must be able to support a load of at least 200 pounds and must extend at minimum 12 inches horizontally past the riser nosing at the top of the stairs and at least equal to one tread depth horizontally at the bottom of the stairs. The following requirements apply to all stairways as indicated: (1) Stairways having four or more risers or rising more than 30 inches (76 cm), whichever is less, shall be equipped with: (A) At least one handrail; and (B) A stair rail consisting of a top rail and mid-rail along each unprotected side or edge. The height requirement for an external fixed balustrade/railing per current building regulations is a minimum of 1100 mm from datum. A railing height requirement of 36 inches is common. IBC Heights Section 1009 of the IBC puts the height of a handrail at from 34 inches through 38 inches. Railing: As the terms are used by the code, a railing is a form of guard that protects stairs, running on the incline up and down the stairway. For decks more than one metre above the ground, openings in balustrades, including decorative balustrades, cannot be greater than 125 millimetres. Building owners should ensure that their balcony railings are regularly monitored and maintained to ensure that they re Where a deck or balcony is one metre or higher above the ground, balustrades need to be at least one metre high. Railing & Balustrade Types; Usages & Legal Descriptions Explained. (a) Stairways shall have handrails or stair railings on each side, and every stairway required to be more than 88 inches in width shall be provided with not less than one intermediate stair railing for each 88 inches of required width. Balcony railings can be seen all over New York City. ; The Building Act and regulations, including . The width of each baluster and railing will need to take these measurements into account. The main query we receive is whether existing railing needs to be modified to meet the current building code if it was built prior to the current code and met relevant requirements in place at the time of construction. If earlier approval was given for an external 900mm height railing, this does not meet current regulations. Finished in Black or White with long-lasting, low-maintenance powder coat protection. The different height requirements reflect different purposes. What codes apply to the provision of attic stairs, pull down stairs, or attic access hatches. They include the actual height of the rail above the deck, the height above grade when a guardrail is required and important baluster spacing dimensions.. We have also created separate illustrations for residential guards for the USA and Canada - depending on where you live. Handrails are typically supported by posts or mounted directly to walls. Should you have the skills to get the railing up to city code yourself, you can pick up the needed supplies for around $140 to $150. January 2009 ISBN: 978-0-7785-7095-0 . In the USA, if your porch floor is less than 30 inches high from the ground, a porch railing is NOT required by code. Handrail ends must be returned and terminated at rail posts. 3. Luckily, there are building organizations dedicated to ensuring that all architectural and construction details are safe and secure. It's made of Oak, the same as you get with most hand rails on a set of stairs. 0. In Canada the maximum height from the ground is 24 inches. Summary of Code Requirements for Residential Stairs. Intermediate stair railings shall be spaced approximately equal within the entire width of the stairway. Attic Stair, railing, guardrail, landing, tread, and step specifications & codes. Typically found on residential buildings, railings are almost always exposed to heavy winds and freeze-thaw cycles. What are the requirements for spacings between the vertical posts? Led by Sandra Banister, Q.C., we provide creative, cost-effective and results-oriented solutions to your legal issues. So this basically sums up the basic code requirements for residential stairs and their dimensions. The top edge of the handrail must be placed between 34” and 38” above the nosing of the stair treads. Railing Safety Code. Therefore let us recap on the residential stair code requirements: Minimum 36 inch clear width for stairway. By: Rebecca Reilly. 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